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Idea for Constitution and Government Structure
Indoorseeker posted a topic in The Town SquareHello all, Here is my Proposal for Constitution and Government Structure of Proposed “Sage Island” County. Constitution (Preamble) We the People of Sage Island, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for Sage Island County. Article 1 Legislative Section 1 All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in the Senate. Section 2 1: The Senate of Sage Island County shall compose of two Senators from each City, chosen through a vote by the people thereof, for one Month; and each Senator shall have one Vote. 2: The Senate shall assemble at least once every Month. 3: The Senate shall choose a Chairman to preside over Senate meetings. 4: If Vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature, the Senate Chairman shall then make temporary appointments until the next Senate meeting, which shall then fill such Vacancies. Section 3 1: The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senate members present. 2: Judgment in cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than a removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, trust or profit under the County of Sage Island: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgement and Punishment, according to the Law. 3: Just Cause for Impeachment includes: Treason and Felony. Section 4 1: The Senate shall determine the rules of its proceedings, punish members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 2: The Senate shall keep a record of its rules, its proceedings, and meetings. The Yeas and Nays of the members of the Senate shall be entered into the record. 3: The Senate shall not adjourn for more than three days while in assembly. Section 5 1: The Senators shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of Sage Island County. Section 6 1: The Senate shall have the Power: To lay and collect taxes to pay Debts and provide for common public safety and the general welfare of Sage Island County. All taxes shall be uniform throughout the County of Sage Island; To regulate Commerce; To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization; To establish uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies; To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and fix the standard of Weights and Measures; To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the County of Sage Island; To establish Post Offices; To make Rules for the Government; To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections, and repel Invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia when called forth, and the appointment of Officers; Section 7 1: The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public safety may require it. 2: No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. 3: No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid. 4: No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and written record of all accounts, receipts, and expenditures shall be made public every Month. 5: No Title of Nobility shall be granted by Sage Island County: And no person holding any Office of profit or trust under them, shall accept any present, emolument, office or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state. Article 2 Executive Section 1 1: The executive Power shall be vested in a County Commissioner of the County of Sage Island. He shall hold his Office during a Term of one Month, and be elected as follows: The Citizens shall appoint by a popular vote, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of Electors, equal to the whole number of Senators in the County of Sage Island: but no Senator or person holding an Office of trust or profit under the County of Sage Island, shall be appointed an Elector. The Electors shall then meet and by majority of written votes elect a person for the Office of the County Commissioner from a list of candidates. 2: The County Commissioner shall receive compensation for his services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the treasury of Sage Island County. 3: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:- “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of County Commissioner of Sage Island County, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of Sage Island County.” Section 2 1: The County Commissioner shall be Commander in Chief of the Militia when called into the actual service of the County of Sage Island. 2: The County Commissioner shall have the power: To appoint each member of his cabinet; Vice Commissioner, Secretary, Treasurer. To grant reprieves and pardons for offences against Sage Island County, except in cases of Impeachment. To appoint, with advice and consent of the Senate, heads of office of the County of Sage Island. A person shall be elected as Sheriff to head the Sheriff’s Office. This position shall not be appointed by the County Commissioner. To fill up Vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, which shall expire at the end of their next session. Section 3 1: He shall from time to time give to the Senate information of the State of the Union. 2: He shall take care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of Sage Island County. Section 4 1: The County Commissioner, his Cabinet, the Sheriff and all civil Officers of Sage Island County shall be removed from office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors. Article 3 Judicial Section 1 1: The judicial Power of Sage Island County, shall be vested in one Superior Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Senate may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the Superior and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good behaviour, and shall, receive for their services a compensation, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the treasury of Sage Island County. Section 2 1: The judicial Power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of Sage Island County, under their Authority. 2: The Trial of all crimes, except in cases of Impeachment, shall be by jury. Section 3 1: The Superior Court shall handle Felonies. The District Court shall handle Misdemeanors. The Court of Appeals shall handle Appeals. Article 4 County Relations Section 1 1: The Senate shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulation respecting the territory or other property belonging to the County of Sage Island. 2: The County of Sage Island shall guarantee to every City in the County of this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive against domestic violence. Article 5 Mode of Amendment Section1 1: The Senate, whenever two-thirds shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, when two-thirds of the population of the County of Sage Island submit a petition to hold a Convention for proposing Amendments. In either case, ratification of proposed Amendments then requires a three-fourths vote. Article 6 Law of the Land, Oaths of Office Section 1 1: This Constitution, and the Laws of Sage Island County which shall be made in pursuance thereof; or which shall be made, under the Authority of Sage Island County, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in the County shall be bound thereby, any thing in the Constitution or Laws of the County to the contrary notwithstanding. 2: The senators of the legislature, all executive and judicial officers of Sage Island County, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution. Article 7 Ratification Section 1 1: The ratification of three-fourths of either the Senate or three-fourths of the population of the county during a convention, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution. Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the County and its Citizens present the ____________ day of _______(Month)________ in the Year of ______________________________ and of the Independence of the County of Sage Island, In witness, whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names, (List of Names) Amendments to the Constitution Bill of Rights Amendment 1 Freedom of Expression The Senate shall make no law restricting or prohibiting the exercise thereof: Freedom of religion Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Freedom of the people to peaceably assemble Freedom to petition the Government for a redress of grievances Amendment 2 Right to Bear Arms The Senate shall make no law restricting or prohibiting the exercise thereof: A well regulated Militia, when called to service by the County The right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed Amendment 3 Quartering Militia No Militia shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without consent of the owner. Amendment 4 Search and Seizure The Senate shall make no law restricting or prohibiting the exercise thereof: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or Affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. Amendment 5 Rights of Persons No person shall be held to answer for capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury. Nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb. Nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself. Nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of Law. Nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. Amendment 6 Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the County wherein the crime shall have been committed, which shall have been previously ascertained by Law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. Amendment 7 Civil Trials In Suits at common Law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of Sage Island County, than according to the rules of the common Law. Amendment 8 Further Guarantees Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Amendment 9 Unenumerated Rights The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. Amendment 10 Reserved Powers The Powers not delegated to the County of Sage Island by the Constitution, are reserved to the people.